Під час 10-ї Щорічної асамблеї Форуму громадянського суспільства Східного партнерства, яка відбувалась в Тбілісі (Грузія) 10-12 грудня 2018 р., було прийнято Резолюцію Асамблеї.
Крім резолюції, було прийнято кілька додаткових заяв Керівного комітету УНП – серед яких Заява щодо необхідності зупинення російської агресії та відновлення територіальної цілісності Грузії та України, над підготовкою якої працювали українські та грузинські делегати Щорічної асамблеї ФГС СхП. Нижче – текст заяви англійською та російською мовами (двома робочими мовами Форуму громадянського суспільства Східного партнерства).
11 December 2018
Statement of the Steering Committee of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum
on the need to stop Russian aggression and to restore
the territorial integrity of Georgia and Ukraine
We, the participants of the 10th Annual Assembly of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum, representatives of non-governmental organizations from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine and EU member states, reaffirm our commitment to the goals of the Eastern Partnership and the provisions of the Joint Declaration of the Prague EaP Summit, signed by the leaders of partner countries and EU member states on May 7, 2009, in particular, regarding the promotion of stability, peace and compliance with the principles and norms of international law.
In its 10 years, the EaP’s objectives were geared towards the development of multilateral cooperation, mutual understanding, democratic values, conflict resolution, and the protection of human rights. Despite all these efforts, the EaP region remains unstable, and the territorial integrity of some countries, such as Georgia and Ukraine, remains violated – as a direct result of destructive policy and military aggression of the Russian Federation.
10 years since the large-scale armed aggression against Georgia, the Russian Federation continues the illegal occupation of the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali-South Ossetia region, having in fact annexed these territories. We express our deep concern about the security, human rights, and the humanitarian situation in the occupied territories of Georgia, which have deteriorated significantly over the past 10 years as a result of Russia’s constant and reoccurring illegal actions.
The Russian Federation continues to seriously violate the ceasefire agreement that was reached on August 12 2008, under the mediation of the European Union, by illegally increasing its armed presence and conducting armed tests in the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali-South Ossetia. In consequence, the situation continues to be unstable, with repercussions not only for Georgia but also for Europe as a whole.
The ongoing process of strengthening the occupation line by establishing barbed wire fences and other artificial barriers, as well as the closure of the so-called checkpoints, further aggravates the already difficult humanitarian conditions for the population living in these territories, who are in fact the victims of this conflict.
Hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees were forced to leave the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia due to several waves of ethnic cleansing – while their fundamental right for safe and dignified return to their homes continues to be violated.
According to United Nations (UN) data, illegal annexation and occupation of Crimea, as well as the partial occupation of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions by Russia – led to more than 10 000 civilian casualties in Ukraine*. Consequently, more than 1.7 million people became temporarily displaced. The Russian occupation administration continues to repress, persecute and kill those Ukrainian citizens who do not respect their orders.
Moreover, the Kremlin conducts its hybrid aggression in other areas – such as economy and energy, as well as tries to influence the socio-political situation and information space. They are nothing less than additional actions to the Russian military instruments, aimed at destabilization.
On 25 November 2018, the Russian Federation committed an open act of aggression against three Ukrainian Navy ships on the Black Sea. With the use of weapons, the ships of the Border Guard Service of the Russian Federal Security Service seized two armoured boats and one tugboat, capturing 24 military sailors who were on board. The Ukrainian ships were seriously damaged, while several Ukrainian sailors were injured with different degrees of severity.
Despite the fact that captured sailors should fall under the status of war prisoners, the Kremlin is backing up a deceptive version of events, by applying criminal liability to crewmembers for border crossing violations.
The Russian-led armed provocations, as well as the concentration of a large amount of military equipment near the Russian-Ukrainian border, forced the Ukrainian leadership to take an unprecedented step and impose the martial law on the territories of 10 oblasts.
It is important to note that the conflicts initiated by Russia in the EaP region hinder the implementation of actions aimed at its democratic development, preventing the partner countries from carrying out necessary reforms, with an adverse effect to the protection of human rights and freedom of speech, reflecting negatively on the overall stability and economic prosperity. As a result of the violation of the territorial integrity of Georgia and Ukraine, hundreds of thousands of IDPs and refugees remain deprived of their fundamental right to safe and dignified return to their homes.
Moreover, those citizens that are still living in the regions illegally occupied by the Russian Federation find themselves in “a grey zone”, where fundamental rights are violated and their lives are in constant danger.
The situation we are facing, and particularly, the aggression from the Russian Federation, which involved the seizure of the Ukrainian ships and crewmembers by the Russian security forces, and in the context of Georgia, the ongoing installation of barbed wire and other artificial barriers on the occupation line and abduction of Georgian civilians, creates the threat of further destabilization in the EaP region and Europe as a whole.
In order to promote stability in the Eastern Partnership region and partner countries, we call on EU member states to:
Take a principled stand and resist the ongoing aggression of the Russian Federation against Georgia and Ukraine which is in clear violation of their sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Further strengthen and consolidate the policy of non-recognition in regards to the occupied territories of Georgia and Ukraine – in full compliance with the fundamental norms and principles of international law.
Contribute to the peaceful resolution of conflicts between Georgia and Russia, as well as between Ukraine and Russia, on both multi- and bilateral basis – founded on fundamental norms and principles of international law, the UN Charter and the Helsinki Final Act, as well as ensure the full implementation of the ceasefire agreement of 12 August 12 2008 between Georgia and Russia, and the Minsk Agreements (2014-2015 ) between Ukraine and Russia, by the Russian Federation.
Demonstrate solidarity with Ukraine in exerting political pressure on the Russian Federation on the issue of the safe return of Ukrainian sailors. Captured Ukrainian navy personnel should be recognized as prisoners of law by Russia in accordance with the Geneva Convention (III) of 1949, provisions of which Moscow grossly violates and tries to bring to justice for allegedly illegal crossing of the Russian border, within the framework of criminal proceedings. This should also apply to all Ukrainian citizens, who are illegally detained in Russia and those who find themselves on the occupied territories.
Agree on and approve a new package of EU sanctions against the Russian Federation due to an overt act of aggression (in accordance with the paragraph d of the UN General Assembly Resolution 3314 (1974)) against Ukraine (Ukrainian ships) in the Kerch Strait and the Black Sea.
Apply restrictive measures against persons from the Otkhozoria-Tatunashvili list – individuals involved in brutal murder of the Georgian citizens, which was adopted by the Georgian government to stop impunity and to prevent further deterioration in respect of human rights in the occupied Georgian regions.
Maintain solidarity in line with the extension of EU sanctions against the Russian Federation, following the occupation of Crimea and the conflict in Donbas.
Follow the example of Lithuania and introduce additional sanctions against the Russian Federation at the bilateral level for violating international law and for an act of open aggression against Ukraine in the Kerch Strait and in the neutral waters of the Black Sea on November 25, 2018.
Introduce a ban for Russian ships coming from the Azov and Black Seas to access ports of the EU member states as an additional mechanism of sanctions.
Call on the Russian Federation to allow the EU Monitoring Mission to act in full accordance with its mandate and to provide the Mission with unrestricted access to the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali-South Ossetia.
Consider the establishment of the EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) on the Russian-Ukrainian border in the Black and Azov seas in order to monitor the compliance with international maritime law and bilateral agreements regulating activities in this area.
Stop the implementation of the politically motivated project, in particular, the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which creates energy pressure and negative economic outcomes for Ukraine as well as for the potential development of full-scale aggression against the country.
Partner countries within the framework of the Eastern Partnership should:
Give an clear official assessment of the aforementioned act of open aggression against Ukraine in the Kerch Strait by the Russian Federation, and in the neutral waters of the Black Sea, from 25 November 2018 – by taking into account existing evidences (video, radio broadcasts, data from navigation systems and statements by the representatives of the Russian authorities, among other sources. This is in order to establish exactly the extent of the violations committed by the Russian Federation in terms of international maritime law, bilateral Ukrainian-Russian agreements and UN General Assembly resolutions.
Support resolutions aimed at putting pressure, and holding Russia accountable – in light of its aggression on the territorial integrity of Georgia and Ukraine during the process of voting in the UN General Assembly, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) and Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (PA OSCE).
Initiate stronger cooperation in the sphere of security by creating a dedicated intergovernmental platform to counter hybrid threats, within the EaP policy initiative.
Prevent Ukraine’s neighbouring countries, Belarus and Moldova, from being used as a base for provocations and actions against Ukrainian citizens by the Russian Federation.
Prevent and condemn all attempts of official cooperation with the Russian occupation regimes in Crimea, separate districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions (ORDLO), Abkhazia and Tskhinvali-South Ossetia, to prevent attempts to legitimise Russian occupation forces illegally positioned on the territories of Georgia and Ukraine – as well as the Russian-backed militants and their pseudo-structures in the eastern Ukraine.
Inform political parties, and citizens of their respective countries, about the special border regimes – applicable to those visiting the occupied territories of Georgia and Ukraine, including the criminal liability for their violation.
Prevent the establishment of illegal forms of economic cooperation between business entities registered on the territory of partner countries, and those on the occupied territories of Ukraine and Georgia, which violate the national laws of Georgia and Ukraine.
Contribute to the dissemination of thorough information on the details of the Russian aggression in Ukraine and Georgia in the national media of partner countries, as well as to the creation of formal and informal groups to counter Kremlin-sanctioned disinformation.
*Reports of UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU): https://www.ohchr.org/en/countries/enacaregion/pages/uareports.aspx
TO DOWNLOAD RESOLUTION IN ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN: http://eap-csf.eu/wp-content/uploads/AA2018-Statement-GE-UA.pdf.